The 20 Different Types of Trucks & Their Uses [PDF]

Hello everyone, In this blog today we shall explore the 21 Different types of trucks and their uses. We have also provided a PDF for the same.

What is a Truck

A truck is a motor vehicle useful for the movement or transportation of goods. It has an enclosed or open cargo space for needs like freight, construction, industries, or personal ones also. Trucks vary in capacity, purpose, and space.

What are trucks used for

The main purpose of trucks is to provide easy transportation of materials, goods, and equipment. They play a crucial role in agriculture, construction, and public services. different types of trucks are also employed for personal purposes like waste collection, towing even fire response activities

Different types of trucks

The Different Types of Trucks are as follows

  • Chiller Trucks/Reefers
  • Crane Trucks/Mobile Cranes
  • Fire Truck
  • Tow Truck
  • Flatbed Trailer
  • Pickup Truck
  • Australian Road Train
  • Boat Haulage
  • Car Transporter/Car Carrier Trailer
  • Cement Truck
  • Furniture Truck
  • Highway Maintenance Trucks
  • Livestock Trucks
  • Box Truck
  • Logging Trucks
  • Snow Plows
  • Tankers
  • Tipper Trucks
  • Trailer Trucks

Chiller trucks Or Reefers

Chiller Trucks, also known as Reefers, are special refrigeration trucks designed to preserve various supplies like food or medicine during transit. These trucks utilize machinery which is powered by high-pressure techniques with liquid carbon dioxide or dry ice. they are sometimes also powered by displacement diesel engines. They first come into practice around the 1920s but have now completely upgraded with advanced technology and features.

Chiller trucks Or Reefers
Truck Types
Chiller Trucks
Refrigeration trucks

Enhanced cooling and pressurization techniques have contributed to the gradual enhancement of their effectiveness over a period. These vehicles are employed for conveying perishable items like medications and edibles. They cater to supermarkets, eateries, and food suppliers.Their availability in various sizes ensures safe and secure transportation of temperature-sensitive cargo

Crane Trucks or Mobile Cranes

These trucks feature cable-controlled cranes mounted on crawlers, prioritizing mobility and eliminating complex setups. A suspended hook, maneuvered by wire ropes controlled by prime movers, defines their design. Transmissions range from hydraulic to electric or internal combustion. Invented in 1870, these liberated cranes from fixed spots, enabling dynamic function. Evolution brought innovations like the 1922 internal combustion engine and telescopic features.

Crane Trucks
Mobile Crane

A crane truck carries a rear-mounted crane, raising bulky loads, machinery, or supplies beyond manual reach. Skilled operators control the crane from the truck’s cab or remotely. Attachments like hooks, chains, or straps suit diverse lifting needs, serving construction, mining, and heavy material sectors.

Fire truck

Fire trucks, also known as fire engines or apparatus, are tailored for firefighting and rescues. They feature a potent pump system, a substantial water tank, nozzles, and hoses for extinguishing fires. Specialized tools like ladders aid in saving people from high structures. These trucks may carry supplies for emergencies and medical equipment.

Fire Trucks
Types of trucks

Due to diverse designs and to match various fire departments’ needs these trucks and firefighters carry different equipment, breathing apparatuses, automated ladders, and communication devices. Outfitted with water, connections for hydrants and pumps, fire trucks efficiently combat fires whilst facilitating quick communication with respective authorities.

Tow trucks

A tow truck, also called a recovery vehicle, is used to move impounded, disabled, or improperly parked cars from dangerous situations. It was first designed in 1916, evolving to use adjustable booms for recovery.

Tow trucks
types of trucks

The common flatbed tow truck has a hydraulically lifted open bed, securing vehicles with straps after winching. Another type, the hook and chain tow truck, lifts vehicles by axles and tows on their wheels. By clearing roads of disabled or abandoned vehicles, tow trucks contribute to road safety.

Flatbed trailer

A tow truck, also called a recovery vehicle, is used to move impounded, disabled, or improperly parked cars from dangerous situations. It was first designed in 1916, evolving to use adjustable booms for recovery.

Flatbed Trailer Truck

The common flatbed tow truck has a hydraulically lifted open bed, securing vehicles with straps after winching. Another type, the hook and chain tow truck, lifts vehicles by axles and tows on their wheels. By clearing roads of disabled or abandoned vehicles, tow trucks contribute to road safety.

Pickup Truck

Pickup trucks dominate household use and enjoy substantial popularity, with the Ford F-Series leading sales, trailed by Chevrolet Silverado and Dodge Ram pickups. Although not owning one, the convenience of hauling bikes and gear makes pickups appealing. The term “truck” now encompasses SUVs and crossovers, driving family vehicle sales to 69%.

Pickup Truck
types of trucks

A pickup truck features an open cargo area for versatile hauling, from cargo to building supplies. Renowned for towing and recreational activities like camping, they come in various sizes, engine types, and configurations, catering to diverse needs from transporting trailers to off-road adventures.

Australian Road Train

In Australia, heavy-duty trucks known as Australian Road Trains transport cargo across vast distances. Comprising a prime mover connected to multiple trailers, often up to four or five, via a “dog trailer” coupling system, these trains can reach 53.5 meters (175 feet) in length and 200 tonnes in weight.

Australian Road Train
types of trucks

Operating in remote regions, they optimize cargo movement, especially with Australia’s expansive coast-to-coast roads. The most extended road train ever pulled 112 trailers, highlighting their exceptional length and unique use, primarily confined to Australia due to its straight coast-to-coast roads, enabling efficient hauling of over three trailers.

Boat Haulage

For transporting boats, there are varying sizes, with SUVs handling smaller ones. Yet, the weightiest and most prestigious vessels require small trucks or specialized low loaders named boat haulage. These low loaders ensure stability, not speed, designed to carry substantial boat weight. Transport cost varies, averaging $600 to $1000 for long hauls, and $150 to $350 for shorter distances.

Boat Haulage
truck types

Specific boat haulage trucks possess features like extended frames, adjustable straps, cradles for support, and hydraulic lifts for loading and unloading. These trucks are pivotal for boat dealers, manufacturers, and transport companies, facilitating safe and secure boat transport between marinas and dealerships.

Car Transporter Or Car Carrier Trailer

These car transporter trucks come in single-decker enclosed or double-decker open versions, designed with designated spaces to securely transport cars during long journeys. They feature ramps for loading and unloading, moving vehicles under their own power. Unlike flatbed trucks, they lack loaders or winches.

Car Transporter Truck
Car Trailer truck

Also referred to as car carrier trucks, they utilize flatbed trailers with ramps or hydraulic lifts, enabling simultaneous transport of multiple cars. Available in diverse sizes and setups, they suit various vehicle types and transport needs. Options include open trailers accommodating six to eight cars and enclosed trailers for added protection of valuable vehicles during transit.

Cement truck

A cement truck, also known as a concrete mixer, combines concrete components through a revolving mixer. It transports the mixture to required locations like pavement or molds, maintaining fluidity due to continuous motion. The steel or fiberglass drum ensures lasting quality.

Cement Truck
Different truck types

These trucks deliver freshly mixed concrete from batching plants to construction sites. Hydraulic-driven rotating drums on a chassis ensure consistent mixing. Various sizes are available, from small transit mixers to those with capacities exceeding ten cubic meters, catering to diverse construction needs. The process guarantees concrete’s longevity and quality, crucial for effective construction work.

Furniture Trucks

Furniture trucks transport household items, favored by individuals and moving companies. Available in diverse sizes and layouts, they accommodate various furniture types and quantities. These trucks ensure furniture protection with tie-down straps and pads.

Ikea delivery truck
amazon Delivery truck
furniture truck
truck driving rules

Specifically designed for furniture transport, they aid in home relocation and delivering furniture from manufacturers to dealerships. Although not exceptionally robust, they serve essential purposes, equipped with ramps or lift gates. Drivers contribute to lifting as much as driving, making large and bulky item transport efficient and secure.

Highway Maintenance Truck

A highway maintenance truck is tailored for road upkeep and repair, and operated by maintenance teams. Outfitted with tools like snowplows, salt spreaders, and patching equipment, these trucks ensure road safety and quality. They clear snow and ice with snowplows and enhance traction through salt spreaders.

Highway Maintenance Truck
road safety truck
highway safety truck

Street sweepers maintain road surfaces while patching tools address damage like potholes. Special features allow one person to place cones on the road for targeted repairs, with retractable crash barriers and intense lighting for night work. Ample cargo space and tools aid in hauling materials for repairs, contributing to highway and roadway maintenance.

Livestock Truck

Livestock trucks are vehicles tailored to transport animals like cows, pigs, sheep, and horses. They often feature compartments for individual animals, some with specialized ventilation or watering systems for safety and comfort. These trucks vary in size and setup to accommodate different animal types and quantities.

Livestock truck
Animal transporter truck
big animal truck
truck driving rules 
truck driving rules

Primarily used for transporting livestock to and from farms, they provide secure holding and feeding. Designed to prevent confinement, these trucks typically have slight openings for daylight and air. While not the most powerful, they’re sturdy enough for transporting heavy animals, offering essential mobility for livestock transportation.

Box Trucks

Box trucks, with separate cabins and cargo areas, vary in structure from vans. They transport goods like furniture and appliances, equipped with loading aids. Ranging from 10 to 26 feet in length, these trucks have rear doors for items like appliances and furniture.

Box truck
delivery truck
food delivery truck
truck driving rules

Trucks serve diverse purposes, transporting vehicles, food, oil, and machinery. They’re vital for industries and towns, symbolizing the working class’s contribution and human ingenuity. As essential components of the global workforce, trucks represent human resourcefulness and intelligence while ensuring the flow of essential supplies and maintaining societal functions.

Logging Trucks

Logging trucks, also known as timber lorries, efficiently transport large timber quantities over long distances. They employ integrated flatbeds or separate tractor units to distribute loads between the tractor and dolly trailer. Originating in 1913 to meet high World War I demand, they moved logs from forests to sawmills or processing plants.

Logging truck
log carrying truck
wood carrying truck
wood transport truck
truck driving rules

Varied trailer lengths accommodate different log quantities, while rugged terrains necessitate robust engines and heavy-duty suspensions. These trucks play a pivotal role in the logging industry, facilitating the transportation of raw logs for further processing into wood products, and contributing to the efficient supply chain of lumber and paper.

Snow Plow

Snow plows serve a single purpose: clearing snow from roads to enable smooth vehicle passage. They’re used for removing snow and ice from transport-related outdoor surfaces. The term encompasses vehicles equipped with snow-clearing devices, including underbody scrapers. These winter support vehicles range from small sidewalk plows to larger truck-mounted plows.

Snow Plow truck
snow mower
snow truck
truck driving rules

Developed in the 1840s, snowplows initially pulled by horses evolved into mechanized versions by 1913. Snowplow trucks use hydraulic or manual attachments, like plow blades, on their front or back ends to clear roads, highways, and lots. They’re vital for maintaining safe winter road conditions. Various snowplow truck types handle diverse snow and ice conditions.


Tankers are commonly employed for transporting liquids like oil, gasoline, chemicals, and fertilizers. Designed for single or multiple loads, these containers can be insulated and pressurized.

Oil tankers
tanker truck
gas truck
ONGC Truck
truck driving rules

Due to their high center of gravity, tankers are challenging to drive and potentially hazardous, as they transport spillable cargo, posing risks of accidents and environmental damage.

Tipper Trucks

Dump trucks, also known as tipper trucks, possess a hydraulic system that lifts and tilts their cargo area for rear dumping. With open-topped containers and hinged tailgates, they’re used in quarries, mines, and construction sites to haul and unload loose materials like sand, gravel, or debris.

Tipper truck 
tipper truck operation
tipper truck functions
truck driving rules

Tipper trucks range from small single-axle vehicles to large articulated ones with various axles and trailers. Their designs have evolved from horse-pulled models in the 19th century to industrial vehicles with hydraulic lift gates since the 1910s. These trucks efficiently transport raw materials for construction and major projects, ensuring effective material unloading.

trailer trucks

In the US, a full trailer refers to a freight trailer hauled by front and rear axles via a drawbar, known as an A-frame drawbar trailer in Europe. These trailers are around 2.5 meters wide and approximately 35 to 40 feet long.

Semi trucks USA
trailer truck
trailer truck driving
truck driving rules

Designed for transporting heavy loads over long distances, they accommodate furniture, supplies, and raw materials. Freight movement companies capitalize on transporting substantial volumes across hundreds of miles, charging around $2000 or more for residential moves using these trailers.


In conclusion, our exploration of the 21 different types of trucks and their uses highlights the versatility and significance of these vehicles across various industries. From specialized reefers preserving perishable goods to powerful crane trucks aiding construction, each type serves distinct purposes. Fire trucks play a vital role in safeguarding communities, while tow trucks efficiently clear roads of disabled vehicles.

Diverse trucks like flatbeds, pickups, and Australian Road Trains address specific transportation needs. Whether hauling boats, cars, cement, furniture, or timber, trucks facilitate essential movements. Snow plows maintain safe winter roads, while tankers transport liquids with caution. Tipper trucks efficiently unload raw materials, and trailer trucks ensure efficient freight transport.

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