The 21 Types Of Cars [PDF]

In this article, we shall explore the 21 Types of Cars. We have also provided a PDF for the same. Acquiring fundamental knowledge is the first step towards a passion for cars or buying one.
Make sure before you own your dream car always determine if they meet your requirements.

To make the best decision. It is necessary to have some knowledge of the types of cars on the market. It can help you choose between the right car. Say if you need a big family then SUV or minivan it is. If you are planning to have a chauffeur then it’s a luxury sedan for you.

Let’s just understand what a car means in general. It is a means of transport which started in the early 1886. it can carry up to a maximum of 8 passengers. The type of car driven by citizens helps evaluate the nation’s economic growth

All cars consist of certain parts which are as follows

Classification of cars is based on five parameters below:

  • Type of fuel consumed
  • Type of body style.
  • Type of segment
  • Based on the size
  • Purpose of car

The next article will talk about more than 21 different types of cars. These cars come in different categories like luxurious limousines, stylish convertibles, high-performance supercars, and hypercars also cover sedans and hatchbacks our everyday cars and explain each in detail.

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different types of cars

here are the different types of cars along with their images


A limousine, or “limo,” is a large, luxurious car driven by a chauffeur. In affluent countries like the United States, Germany, and Canada, a “limousine service” means you can pre-book a car with a driver, often for airport transportation.

types of cars PDF 
Cadillac Limousine

Examples of limousines include The Batmobile, The American Dream, The Beast, The Midnight Rider, and the Toyota Century Royal.

grand tourer

GTs which stand for Grand Tourer are high-performance types of sports cars. they offer better comfort and luxury. Their main characteristics are super powerful engines, appealing aesthetics, and spaciousness. It comes with a 2-seater configuration or even a 2+2. They are preferred because one can cover long distances at great speeds.

types of cars PDF
grand tourer 
Gt car
Ford GT

Examples of GTs are the Aston Martin DB 11, Ford GT, Porsche Taycan, Bentley Continental GT, and Audi E-Tron GT

sports car

A sports car is a special type of car that’s all about fun driving. It was first made in Europe a long time ago, and now lots of car companies all over the world make them.

Sports car 3d
types of cars PDF
Acura NSX

Sports cars are the cool and exciting ones. They can sometimes turn into convertibles, have a sleek look, and they can be a bit pricey. Usually, they’re just for two people, but some have a small back seat.

Common examples of sports cars are as follows

  • Chevrolet Corvette
  • Porsche 911
  • Audi R8
  • Ferrari 488
  • Mercedes-Benz AMG GT

supercars/ Hypercars

Supercars/Hypercars represent the epitome of exoticism and exclusivity. They offer unmatched performance. these supercars and Hypercars are made in super limited numbers. They are considered as the pinnacle of automobiles.

super cars
types of cars
Lamborghini Huracán

Their exclusiveness leverages substantial cost to own one. They are fully compliant with road safety and regulations. The engineering to achieve this feat is worth the praise

Examples of supercars are as follows

  • Bugatti Chiron
  • Hennessey Venom F5
  • McLaren Speedtail
  • Ferrari LaFerrari
  • Koenigsegg Jesko

race car

Contemporary vehicles found on our roadways have reaped the advantages of technology that was initially pioneered for racing circuits. The potential and performance these cars hold can never be handled by ordinary road drivers. To be compatible with this engineering drivers are also trained for years

formula one car 3d
racecar 3d
racing car
Formula One Car

Race cars are meticulously engineered to prioritize their power output, often necessitating engine modifications after each race, as they are not intended for prolonged usage. Unless one is an active racer or harbors aspirations to partake in racing activities, such cars do not present a practical choice for the average individual.

Common examples of Race Cars are as follows

  • Formula 1 Car
  • NASCAR Stock Car
  • Le Mans Prototype (LMP) Race Car
  • Rally Car (e.g., WRC Rally Car)
  • IndyCar


Convertibles are special cars that offer driving with the roof or without it. The roof can fold down, and different cars have different ways of storing it. People also call convertibles cabriolets or spiders.

convertible car
cabriolet cars
Mercedes-Benz E-Class Cabriolet

Having a convertible lets you enjoy driving with the wind in your hair, and you can put the roof up when you need to. Keep in Mind convertibles aren’t meant to Hold huge luggage and are strong like hard-top cars. Most convertibles have a roof made of fabric that you can put down, but some need you to do it by hand. Some cars have a hard roof that can also fold away.

Notable examples of Convertibles are as follows

  • Mazda MX-5 Miata
  • BMW 4 Series Convertible
  • Mercedes-Benz E-Class Cabriolet
  • Ford Mustang Convertible
  • Porsche 911 Cabriolet


Roadsters are a type of car that is often chosen for their style over comfort. They typically feature an open-top design and a two-seater arrangement, with minimal weather protection. Often referred to as a simplified version of a convertible, roadsters lack glass on the top or side areas of the vehicle.

types of cars

These cars are popular in several nations for their stylishness and sports look. Every roadster is known for its sleek designs, open-air driving experience, and impressive performance.

Common examples of Roadsters are as follows

  • Mazda MX-5 Miata
  • BMW Z4
  • Mercedes-Benz SLK-Class
  • Porsche Boxster
  • Audi TT Roadster


Coupes are a popular choice for someone who wants all the features of a roadster but with a solid hard top. Their main highlight is the closed-body configuration with the sleek 2 door design. There are seats at the rear but it can get uncomfortable for tall adults generally advised for kids or small-height adults.

car types pdf
Aston Martin Vantage Coupe

These cars are known for their impressive performance, sleek designs, and luxurious features. Here are some examples of coupes

  • Mercedes-Benz C-Class Coupe
  • BMW 4-Series Coupe
  • Audi A5 Coupe
  • Lexus LC 500 Coupe

Muscle Car

A muscle car is an American car known for its sporty and high-performance image. It’s an affordable, small, and stylish coupe or convertible. Muscle cars have features like a long front bonnet, rear-wheel drivetrain, and a short rear end. They use parts shared by many cars so its repair and replacement process is easy.

Muscle cars
old muscle cars
muscle car 3d
types of cars pdf

The muscle cars became a trend after the launch of the ford Mustang in 1964. It is now recognized as a pioneer in the muscle car community. Other notable examples are as follows

  • Chevrolet Corvette
  • Plymouth Barracuda
  • Shelby GT500
  • Dodge Charger

Micro Car

The term “microcar” refers to the tiniest type of car. These cars typically have three or four wheels and smaller engines, often less than 700 cubic centimeters (43 cubic inches). Common examples of microcars include bubble cars, bicycle cars, Invacare, quadricycles, and voiturettes. In Japan, they have something similar called a “Kei car.”

Micro Cars
microcar 3d
types of cars

These microcars require different registrations and licenses as compared to other cars. Electric Microcars have gained immense popularity recently. However, they used to be available in gasoline and diesel variants too. Common examples of microcars are as follows

  • Renault Twizy
  • Peugeot 108/Citroën C1
  • Kia Picanto
  • Suzuki Alto

City Car

City cars are a popular choice for urban areas. They are safe offer good comfort and are efficient. the maneuverability is also easy. They are powerful when compared with microcars.

city cars
car types pdf
City Car

However, it’s important to use them responsibly, as they are not designed for high-speed driving. In Japan, they are known as kei cars, and they are especially popular there. Examples of city cars include the Volkswagen Up! Smart ForTwo, and Toyota Aygo.


A hatchback is a type of car that has rear doors which usually open upwards. It has a special area in the back for both passengers and carrying things. When people say a car is a hatchback, they usually mean it’s a small and practical car, especially in the United States.

types of cars pdf

But hatchbacks can also be used in sports cars, SUVs, and big luxury cars. In Europe, people really like compact hatchbacks. Two examples of hatchback cars are the Kia Rio and the Volkswagen Golf. And lately, even big cars like the Audi A7 and Kia Stinger have started using hatchback designs.

Subcompact Car

Superminis or Subcompact Cars are part of the B-segment cars. They are popular for compactness, affordability, and efficiency. They are also easy to drive even in crowded spaces. they are available in 5-door configuration. But please note there isn’t enough space for cargo.

Sub compact cars
subcompact cars

Automakers offer good quality subcompact cars that too at an affordable price. These features make them an economical choice for many buyers youth there. common examples of subcompact cars are as follows

  • Honda Jazz
  • Toyota Yaris
  • Kia Rio
  • Fiat 500

Estate Car

A station wagon looks a lot like a hatchback car but is bigger. It usually goes all the way up to the roof at the back, giving it a straight back. This design provides more room for luggage and stuff.

estate cars
wagons 3d

A station wagon has two parts, a big space for luggage and a back door that opens to that space. People also call it an estate car, estate, or wagon. Some wagons like the Subaru Outback or Audi A4 Allroad have a higher ground clearance and tough-looking body parts, making them look a bit like SUVs.

Family Car

A family car is a more extended version of a standard saloon car or hatchback that is ideal for people with large families. The engine capacity is from 1.4 Ltr to 2.5 Ltr offers various features like advanced systems, entertainment system and driver assistance features

Family car
big SUV car
SUV 3d model
types of cars

Common examples of family cars include the following

  • Chevrolet Suburban
  • Ford Explorer
  • Nissan Pathfinder
  • Toyota Sienna
  • Honda Odyssey


Sedans are widely popular family cars due to their powerful engines and spacious interiors. These vehicles typically have a three-box configuration, with separate compartments for the engine, passengers, and cargo. The ample trunk space in the rear makes it easy to store luggage and other items.

family sedan
sports sedans
types of cars pdf

Sedans come in a variety of body styles, including notchback, sedanette, hardtop, fastback, close-coupled, club, and convertible. Each style offers unique design elements and features that cater to different preferences. Popular sedan models in the market include the Honda Civic, Toyota Camry, and Nissan Altima


A crossover utility vehicle or CUV is a type of SUV that’s built more like a regular car. It’s also called a crossover utility vehicle (CUV). Unlike big, truck-like SUVs, crossovers are comfy inside, drive smoothly, and use less fuel, but can’t handle rough off-road trails as well.

Crossover Utility Vehicles
types of cars pdf

Sometimes, people argue about whether a car is a crossover or an SUV, so they just use the word “SUV” for both. In the United States, more than half of all SUVs sold in 2006 were crossovers. Some examples of crossovers are the Citroen C3 Aircross, Volkswagen T-Cross, Kia Stonic, Mazda CX-3, and Seat Arona.


A minivan is an American car made for taking lots of passengers in the back. It has seats that you can use over and over again, and they are arranged in two or three rows. Minivans usually have a square shape, with a high roof and flat floor. The back passengers can get in through sliding doors, and the seats are high up.

Multi-Purpose Vehicles

These cars are great for families because they can carry people and stuff very well. Most minivans have seats in the second and third rows that you can move or fold down to make a big space for carrying things. Two good examples of minivans are the Honda Odyssey and the Chrysler Pacifica.


SUVs are popular cars globally, with various uses depending on the country. The primary design focus of SUVs is off-road use, with a boxy, upright body and high ground clearance. SUVs prioritize functionality, but their unique and sleek design also adds to their popularity. High-quality SUVs available in the market include the Land Rover Defender, Jeep Track Hawk, and Toyota Land Cruiser.

Sports utility vehicle
car types pdf

These SUVs are built to handle tough terrains, provide ample space for passengers and cargo, and have advanced features and luxurious interiors. SUVs remain a popular choice for those seeking a combination of performance and style


A pickup truck is a type of truck that’s not too heavy. It has a cab where people sit, a big open space in the back for carrying things, and a door that can be opened at the back.

Almost all pickup trucks can drive on rough roads using all their wheels or just some of them. But there’s one pickup truck, the Honda Ridgeline, that’s a bit different. It has a strong frame, and it looks like a mix between a truck and a crossover car. The back part of its roof is open, showing the area for carrying stuff.

Pickup truck
Pickup truck 3d
types of pickups

There are two main sizes for pickup trucks: full-size and mid-size. In North America, people often use pickup trucks as regular cars. In fact, about 18% of all the vehicles sold in the USA are pickup trucks.

Commercial Vehicle

Commercial vehicles are any vehicles used for transporting goods or paying customers. There are different types of commercial vehicles made for specific purposes. Those used for goods transportation usually have a front area with 2-3 seats, with ample space for storing goods.

Commercial vehicle
amazon delivery truck
amazon delivery car

Those used for customer transportation have more seating at the rear end. Commercial vehicles have simple designs, without extravagant features, and with standard fuel tanks. Examples of popular commercial vehicles are the Volkswagen Transporter and Ford Transit


what are the different types of car engines?

The Different types of engines for Different types of cars are as follows

  • Internal Combustion Engines (ICE): Burn fuel for power.
  • Hybrid Engines: Combine ICE with electric motor.
  • Electric Engines: Run solely on electricity.
  • Fuel Cell Engines: Use hydrogen and oxygen.
  • Rotary Engines: Employ a rotor for power.
  • Wankel Engines: A specific type of rotary engine.

what are the different types of car fuel?

The different types of car fuels are as follows

  • Gasoline (Petrol): Derived from crude oil.
  • Diesel: Powers diesel engines with vigor.
  • Ethanol: Crafted from crops like corn, often blended with gasoline.
  • Biodiesel: From vegetable oils and animal fats, promoting sustainability.
  • Compressed Natural Gas (CNG): Clean-burning, sourced from natural gas.
  • Propane: Derived from natural gas and crude oil, used in propane-powered vehicles.

what are the different types of car keys?

The Different Types of Car Keys

  • Traditional Keys: Inserted into the car’s lock.
  • Transponder Keys: Feature microchips for secure engine activation.
  • Keyless Entry Remotes: Enable remote locking and unlocking.
  • Smart Keys: Offer remote control without a physical key.
  • Switchblade Keys: Feature a retractable blade for convenience.
  • Valet Keys: Provide limited access to car features.


In conclusion, I hope you now understand all the types of cars out there. This can be helpful also if you planning to buy a car. To make the best decision always consider options. Make sure to check out other articles on our website


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