Exploring The 21 Types Of Cars [PDF]

types of car and its chassis
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Acquiring fundamental knowledge is the first step towards a passion for cars or buying one.
Determine the type of car that will meet your requirements to start owning your dream car. Knowledge of various car types in the market is necessary for informed decision-making. The car market offers a range of cars, such as hatchbacks, sedans, SUVs, MUVs, coupes, convertibles, and pickup trucks. Selecting the right car from various shapes, sizes, and designs can be challenging. A comprehensive guide to understanding car types can help car buyers make informed decisions. The guide can assist in selecting the vehicle that best meets their needs.

Types of Cars

Let us first understand a car, in general, It is a motor vehicle for transporting people. It has four wheels and can carry up to eight passengers. Cars have evolved since 1886 to meet consumer needs. They’re used as a parameter to measure a country’s economic development.

All cars consist of certain parts which are as follows

  • Chassis
  • Gear system
  • Steering
  • Engine
  • Transmission
  • Fuel/power system
  • Brake system
  • Wheels & tires

Classification of cars is based on below five parameters:

  • Type of fuel consumed
  • Type of body style.
  • Type of segment
  • Based on the size
  • Purpose of car

The next article will talk about more than 20 different kinds of cars. These cars come in different categories like luxurious limousines, stylish convertibles, high-performance supercars, and hypercars. They also include everyday cars that people use a lot, like hatchbacks and sedans. We’ll talk about all of them in detail

different types of cars


A limousine is an upscale vehicle that is usually chauffeur-driven. It is distinctively longer than a regular car and has a partition that separates the driver from the passengers. Limousines often have additional features like a mini-bar, entertainment systems, and plush leather seats, making them a preferred choice for special occasions and exclusive transportation.


Notable examples of limousines include the Mercedes-Benz Pullman, Lincoln Navigator L, and Hummer Limousine

grand tourer

Grand tourers, also known as GTs, are a class of high-performance sports cars that are designed to offer both luxury and power. With their powerful engines, large size, and sleek design, they are a great option for long-distance driving at high speeds, whether with a 2+2 or a two-seater arrangement.

ford GT

GTs provide a thrilling experience while also being comfortable, and they offer enough horsepower to cross continents with ease. Notable examples of grand tourers include the Bentley Continental GT, Aston Martin DB11, Porsche Taycan, and Audi e-Tron GT

sports car

Sports cars are characterized by their sleek, stylish design, often with a coupe or convertible body type. They are typically positioned close to the ground and boast a cool and sporty appearance. Although most sports cars only have seating for two, some models include rear seats.

aston martin sports car

With their attractive and streamlined look, these vehicles are sure to turn heads. Popular examples of sports cars on the market include the Nissan 370Z, Porsche 911, Ford Mustang and Chevrolet Corvette


Supercars are among the most exclusive and exotic vehicles available, boasting superior performance that surpasses many other cars on the market. These top-of-the-line cars are produced in extremely limited quantities, which contributes to their high price tags.

mclaren 650 LT

Despite the hefty cost, supercars are legal for use on public roads and are a symbol of engineering excellence and performance. Examples of the top supercars available on the market include the Bugatti Chiron, venom F5 and the McLaren Speed tail, which are renowned for their unparalleled speed, power, and performance

race car

Modern cars on our streets have benefited from technology originally developed for racing circuits. However, the raw power and performance of racing cars may not be manageable for the average driver.

formula one car

Race cars are designed with an exclusive focus on their power output, and their engines are frequently modified after each race, as they are not designed to last for long periods of use. Unless you are a racer or plan to start racing, these types of cars are not a practical option for the average person.


The market offers a diverse selection of sports cars, including convertibles, hot hatches, grand tourers, sports saloons, pony cars, and more. Convertibles are a popular choice among sports car enthusiasts due to their luxurious and dynamic nature, as well as their ability to convert to an open-air vehicle. Modern convertibles use innovative technology such as automatic hydraulic or electrical actuators, which make the conversion process seamless and intuitive.

s class cabriolet

Some of the most well-known convertibles on the market include the Porsche 911 Cabriolet, Mercedes-Benz SL-Class, Chevrolet Corvette Stingray, Audi R8 Spyder, and Jaguar F-Type Convertible, all of which are highly regarded for their powerful engines, sleek designs, and cutting-edge features


Roadsters are a type of car that is often chosen for their style over comfort. They typically feature an open-top design and a two-seater arrangement, with minimal weather protection. Often referred to as a simplified version of a convertible, roadsters lack glass on the top or side areas of the vehicle. These cars are gaining popularity in many countries due to their sporty and stylish appearance. Some notable examples of popular roadsters include the Mazda MX-5 Miata, BMW Z4, Mercedes-Benz SLK-Class, Porsche Boxster, and Audi TT Roadster, all of which are known for their sleek designs, impressive performance, and open-air driving experience


Coupes are a popular type of passenger car available on the market. These vehicles typically feature a sporty, two-door design with a closed-body configuration. They usually have four seats, with two in the front and two in the back. However, the seats are often smaller in size than other cars.

Ferrari coupe type

Some of the most popular coupes on the market include the Mercedes-Benz C-Class Coupe, BMW 4-Series Coupe, Audi A5 Coupe, and Lexus LC 500 Coupe. These cars are known for their sleek designs, impressive performance, and luxury features.

Muscle Car

Muscle cars are mid-sized vehicles that are equipped with powerful V8 engines, rear-wheel drive, and a relatively affordable price tag. These cars are known for their light body weight, making them nimble and agile on the road. While muscle cars are most commonly associated with the United States and Australia, they are popular all around the world.

muscle car type

These cars typically have two doors, although some manufacturers produce four-door models as well. Muscle cars are essentially small vehicles with powerful engines, providing drivers with impressive speed and acceleration. Some popular examples of muscle cars include the Ford Mustang, Chevrolet Camaro, and Dodge Challenger

Micro Car

Economy cars are affordable and designed for middle-income individuals. They offer low running costs and carbon dioxide emissions. Microcars are a popular type of economy car that combines features of cars and motorbikes. They are equipped with 1-liter engines and typically seat two passengers. Microcars can have three or four wheels and are sometimes referred to as “bubble cars” in Europe. With advances in technology, some microcars are now powered by electricity. Tata Nano and Isetta are examples of popular microcars available in the market

City Car

Urban areas are well-suited for the use of city cars, which are designed to offer a safe, speedy, and compact driving experience. These vehicles are typically more spacious and powerful than microcars, allowing them to reach highway speeds with ease. However, it’s important to use them responsibly, as they are not designed for high-speed driving. In Japan, they are known as kei cars, and they are especially popular there. Examples of city cars include the Volkswagen up! Smart ForTwo, and Toyota Aygo.


Hatchbacks are a popular car choice for those in need of more seating capacity and trunk space. They are generally larger in size and have higher capabilities than smaller cars. Hatchbacks come in various configurations, usually with either four or five doors.

volvo v40 hatchback

With a two-box design, hatchbacks have flexible interiors that allow for shared space for passengers and cargo. They are particularly popular in Asian countries. Examples of popular hatchbacks include the Volkswagen Golf, Honda Fit, and Ford Focus

Subcompact Car

Subcompact cars, also referred to as superminis or B-segment cars, have gained popularity because of their affordability, compact size, and fuel efficiency. Compared to compact cars, subcompacts are easier to maneuver and park in crowded areas. They typically have four to five doors, providing enough space for cargo and up to five passengers.

Volkswagen golf

Many automakers offer high-quality subcompact vehicles at an affordable price, making them a perfect choice for those looking for an economical car that doesn’t compromise on quality. The market has several options, including Honda Jazz, Toyota Yaris, Kia Rio, and Fiat 500. These cars offer excellent fuel economy, advanced safety features, and modern technology, making them an ideal choice for buyers looking for a reliable and efficient vehicle.

Estate Car

Estate cars or Station wagons are a variant of sedan or saloon that features an extension of the roof rearward. Available in various types, such as two-door wagons, full-size wagons, and all-steel wagons, these cars provide ample space for both passengers and cargo. The station wagon has a two-box design, with a larger cargo area that allows for more storage than a hatchback or sedan.

estate car type

These vehicles have comfortable interiors, and the rear seats can be folded down to reconfigure the space according to the needs of the passengers. Some of the best examples of station wagons available in the market include the Subaru Outback, Volvo V90, Audi A4 All road, and Mercedes-Benz E-Class Wagon. These cars have luxurious features and excellent performance, making them an ideal choice for families or people who need to transport large items.

 Family Car

A family car is a more extended version of a standard saloon car or hatchback that is ideal for people with large families. These vehicles offer more interior space and are designed to comfortably seat up to five to six passengers. Family cars typically have an engine capacity of 1.4 to 2.5 liters and offer various features like advanced safety systems, entertainment systems, and driver assistance features. However, due to the large size of these cars, maneuvering them in small areas may be a challenge, and it is recommended to take a test drive before purchasing them. Some of the popular family cars available in the market are Volkswagen Golf, Toyota Auris, Skoda Octavia, and Ford Focus


Sedans are widely popular family cars due to their powerful engines and spacious interiors. These vehicles typically have a three-box configuration, with separate compartments for the engine, passengers, and cargo. The ample trunk space in the rear makes it easy to store luggage and other items.

Cadillac sedan type

Sedans come in a variety of body styles, including notchback, sedanette, hardtop, fastback, close-coupled, club, and convertible. Each style offers unique design elements and features that cater to different preferences. Popular sedan models in the market include the Honda Civic, Toyota Camry, and Nissan Altima


Crossover Utility Vehicles, or CUVs, have become a popular choice for those seeking a comfortable and spacious ride. These vehicles are designed with a sleek and stylish appearance and feature unibody construction, which makes them more fuel-efficient than traditional SUVs.

Nissan/Honda CUV

It’s important to note that CUVs aren’t intended for off-road use due to their low capability. Nevertheless, CUVs are versatile and come in a range of sizes, from compact to midsize, and offer various amenities and features. Among the best CUVs available in the market are the Hyundai Santa Fe, Mazda CX-5, Honda CR-V, and Nissan Rogue, each providing a comfortable and stylish driving experience


Minivans, also known as Multi-Purpose Vehicles (MPVs), are a popular choice among families with multiple children who require a spacious, comfortable, and safe mode of transportation. They feature a one or two-box configuration, with either four doors or sliding doors for passengers.

minivan car type

These vehicles have ample interior space that is comfortable and can accommodate three or two rows of seats that can be reconfigured according to the driver’s needs. The Citroen Berlingo and Ford C-max are two popular examples of minivans available in the market, with advanced safety features, spacious interiors, and excellent fuel economy, making them an ideal choice for families.


SUVs are popular cars globally, with various uses depending on the country. The primary design focus of SUVs is off-road use, with a boxy, upright body and high ground clearance. SUVs prioritize functionality, but their unique and sleek design also adds to their popularity. High-quality SUVs available in the market include the Land Rover Defender, Jeep track hawk, and Toyota Land Cruiser.

Cadillac escalade SUV type

These SUVs are built to handle tough terrains, provide ample space for passengers and cargo, and have advanced features and luxurious interiors. SUVs remain a popular choice for those seeking a combination of performance and style


Pickup trucks are versatile vehicles that can be used for various purposes. They are ideal for work, outdoor activities, or family road trips and come in different sizes. These trucks are built to handle heavy loads while providing ample space for comfortable long journeys. Pickup trucks are categorized by size, including mid-size and heavy-duty options for different tasks. In some western countries, they are called Utes, highlighting their versatility.

ford f-150 raptor pickup car type

The market offers high-quality options, such as the Toyota Tacoma, Chevrolet Silverado, GMC Sierra, and Ford F-150.These trucks are equipped with powerful engines, advanced safety features, and high towing capacity, making them popular among truck enthusiasts

Commercial Vehicle

Commercial vehicles are any vehicles used for transporting goods or paying customers. There are different types of commercial vehicles made for specific purposes. Those used for goods transportation usually have a front area with 2-3 seats, with ample space for storing goods.

Those used for customer transportation have more seating at the rear end. Commercial vehicles have simple designs, without extravagant features and with standard fuel tanks. Examples of popular commercial vehicles are the Volkswagen Transporter and Ford Transit

types of cars

Video by TheEngineeringPost


what are the different types of car engine ?

There are several types of car engines, including Internal Combustion Engines (ICE) which burn fuel to generate power, Hybrid Engines which combine an ICE with an electric motor, Electric Engines that run entirely on electricity, Fuel Cell Engines that run on hydrogen and oxygen, Rotary Engines which use a rotor to generate power, and Wankel Engines which are another type of rotary engine.

what are the different types of car fuel ?

Cars can be powered by different types of fuel. Gasoline, or petrol, is the most commonly used fuel for cars and is derived from crude oil. Diesel is also a type of fuel derived from crude oil but is used in diesel engines. Ethanol is an alcohol-based fuel that can be made from corn or other crops and is often mixed with gasoline. Biodiesel is a renewable fuel made from vegetable oils or animal fats, which can be used in diesel engines. Compressed natural gas (CNG) is a clean-burning fuel made from natural gas, used in CNG vehicles. Propane, which is a byproduct of natural gas processing and crude oil refining, can be used in propane-powered vehicles.

what are the different types of car keys ?

There is a range of car keys available for vehicles, including traditional keys, transponder keys, keyless entry remotes, smart keys, switchblade keys, and valet keys. Traditional keys are widely used and inserted into the car’s lock. Transponder keys have microchips to interact with the car’s computer, ensuring the engine can only start when the correct signal is received. Keyless entry remotes allow for remote locking and unlocking, while smart keys provide the same functionality without the need for a physical key. Switchblade keys have a retractable blade for added convenience, and valet keys offer limited access to the car’s features


In conclusion, there are many different types of cars available on the market today, each designed to suit a particular purpose or need. From practical daily drivers to luxurious high-performance vehicles, consumers have an array of options to choose from. Additionally, car engines and fuels also come in a variety of types, providing further options for customization and environmental sustainability. Finally, the type of car key used to access these vehicles also varies, with different designs and functions to suit personal preferences and convenience.

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