Suspension is important for vehicles. It absorbs road shocks and safety. Different suspension systems have different features. This article will help you to learn about them in detail.
Types Of Suspensions Systems
The suspension system is divided into the following categories:
- Double Wishbone Suspension
- Multi-Link Suspension
- Rigid Axle Suspension
- Macpherson Suspension
- Independent Suspension
- Rigid suspension – Leaf Spring
- Trailing Arm Suspension
- Air Suspension
Double Wishbone Suspension
The Double Wishbone suspension also has an independent design, so the turning angle and suspension movement will not affect the geometry angle, because the angle will remain constant. This suspension is fairly easy to get damaged in its parts, such as broken ball joint at the bottom or top, long tie rod, and end tier rod. To avoid various damage to the car, you can do spooring regularly.
- Precise handling
- Good control over angles
- Limited space
Multi-Link suspension combines Double Wishbone and Multi-Link, making it intricate with separate parts connected by joints. It control wheel forces for good grip. However, if it gets damaged, fixing it takes time, and the parts are hard to find, making it pricier than other suspensions.
- Balance between comfort and handling
- Tuning flexibility
- Increased weight
Rigid Axle Suspension
Rigid Axle suspension is typically found at the rear of a car. It has two wheels on the rear. It is connected to a single axle. There are two types of Rigid Axle suspension:
- With leaf springs
- With coil springs, often called just “springs.”
Axle Rigid suspension is simple and sturdy. It absorbs road shocks for a smooth ride. Different car brands have unique suspension setups. Some types are commonly used in modern cars.
- Lower cost
- Poor handling
- Limited articulation
Macpherson suspension is named after Earle Macpherson. Automakers favor it due to its affordability and simple components. Macpherson suspension has an upright design supported by shock absorbers, making it easily accessible. It struggles with heavy loads. It changes its tilt angle during turns. It also affects tire grip on the road.
- Limited adjustability
- Body roll
Independent suspension is a unique design where the rear wheels aren’t directly connected, allowing one wheel to move without affecting the other. This suspension is found in luxury cars. This is due to its complexity and independent axle movements. This is made possible by two flexible joints. For example, the Wuling Cortez CT Type S offers this comfort in its rear wheels, making both drivers and passengers in the back seat enjoy a comfortable ride.
- Improved comfort
- Better traction
Rigid suspension – Leaf Spring
Rigid – Leafspring suspension is commonly seen in cars in Indonesia, especially in commercial or older models, often used at the rear due to its stiffness. It has a straightforward construction with an Axle Housing connected to the frame using a U-Bolt, offering good durability.
- Limited comfort
- Less precise
Trailing Arm Suspension
Trailing Arm suspension is similar in appearance to 3 Links – Rigid but operates differently. It connects from the right to the left. It is typically placed at the rear of the car.
- Limited adjustability
- Axle hop
Air Suspension is a high-performance suspension. It is found mainly in luxury cars. It can be computer-adjusted for precise settings. It has a complex construction and comes at a high cost compared to other suspensions.
- Adjustable height
- Complex maintenance
- Reliability issues
A Video on Types of suspension systems
What does car Suspension do?
A car’s suspension system soak up bumps from the road. It keeps the tires on the ground and ensures a comfy ride. It also boost safety. It’s made up of parts like shock absorbers, springs, and the car frame that cooperate to keep the vehicle steady and well-handled while you drive.
How does a car suspension work?
When you hit a bump on the road, the springs and shock absorbers compress. They then rebound. This makes sure that the wheels stay on the road. This combination provides a comfortable ride and makes the car safer.
What are the components of a car Suspension System?
The suspension system is made up of shock absorbers, springs, and the car frame. These components team up to absorb the shocks and vibrations.
Keep in mind that the right suspension for one vehicle may not work well for another. So, consider factors like the vehicle type, its purpose, cost, performance, durability, ease of upkeep, and personal preferences when making your choice.