Top 30 Workshop Tools And Their Uses [PDF]

In this article, We’ll share the list of the top 30 workshop tools and their uses. We have also provided a PDF for the same.

What are workshop tools?

Workshop tools, essential for various operations, have been utilized by humans for millennia. From Archimedes’ descriptions of lever systems to Greek philosophers detailing wheel and axle mechanisms, hand tools have evolved. In a home workshop, these tools are indispensable for tasks such as boring, striking, cutting, measuring, or holding.

Encountering a diverse array of workshop tools is common, often leading to confusion about their purposes. To address this, I’ve crafted a guide detailing the uses of more complex workshop tools, aiming to eliminate any confusion. Let’s begin.

List of Workshop Tools

#1. Tape Measure

Tape Measure, also known as measuring tapes, serve as flexible rulers for length or distance measurement. They consist of linear measurement-marked materials like cloth, plastic, fiberglass, or metal.

Tape Measure
Measuring tape

A widely used measuring tool, it facilitates measuring around curves or corners. These tools are easily portable in pockets or toolkits. Nowadays, you can purchase novelty items or keychain fobs that are miniature versions. Metal measuring tapes feature an L-shaped end for surface grip and can extend up to 6 feet (1.8 meters) without bending.

#2. Handsaw

Handsaw – Essential Workshop Tool In carpentry and woodworking, handsaws play a crucial role in shaping and cutting wood. Their primary function is to carve wooden objects and assemble pieces. These saws operate with multiple pointed edges crafted from materials harder than the wood they cut.

how to use handsaw

Hand saws boast a rich history, spanning thousands of years. Within the realm of general-purpose handsaws, there are two main types: crosscut and ripsaw. The ripsaw excels at cutting parallel to the wood grain, while the crosscut saw is designed for cutting against the grain, featuring backward-angled teeth.

#3: Level

Commonly referred to as a bubble level, this tool serves to determine the vertical (plumb) or horizontal (level) orientation of a surface. It achieves this by utilizing an air bubble submerged in liquid within a glass tube, housed in a plastic, wooden, or metal frame.

Laser Level

To gauge the surface alignment, place the level on it, comparing the air bubble against two vertical lines. If the air bubble isn’t precisely centered between these lines, the surface is not level. While longer levels are available, the 2-foot (61 cm) and 4-foot (122 cm) lengths remain the most popular choices.

#4. Duct Tape

Often underestimated as a tool, duct tape is a versatile product that has mended a particle accelerator, facilitated repairs on the moon, and fashioned items from waistcoats to wallets. A crucial asset in any well-equipped workshop, duct tape, with its 1 7/8-inch (4.8-centimeter) width, boasts a flexible silver-colored material backed by exceptional adhesiveness.

Duct Tape

Originating in World War II to seal ammunition cases, its polyethylene-coated design effectively kept moisture at bay. Today, available in various colors and widths, duct tape remains a household and workshop essential, except for actual ductwork sealing, where it has proven unreliable, according to scientist Max Sherman of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Nevertheless, its versatility makes it a reliable tool for a multitude of purposes.

#5. Screwdrivers

Talking about screwdrivers, attention centers on two key aspects: the tip and the grip. It’s advisable to have various screwdrivers, each featuring the most practical types of tips. The Phillips-head screwdriver, with its cross-shaped metal tip, aligns with the prevalent cross-shaped depression in corresponding screws. Additionally, a flathead screwdriver, also termed a slot head screwdriver, suits conventional screws with a single linear depression. Thanks to its wedge-style tip, it’s versatile for prying or scraping tasks.


Regardless of the head type, opt for a screwdriver with a cushioned, textured grip for enhanced torque when tightening screws. Investing in flathead and Phillips-head screwdrivers with different handle lengths offers versatility. While shorter handles may not be frequently used, having them proves advantageous in tight spaces

#6. Utility Knife

A must-have in any well-equipped workshop, the utility knife is an indispensable tool. Priced between $5 and $15, this retractable knife combines affordability with ease of use. Despite its compact size, it proves to be a versatile workhorse, suitable for breaking down cardboard boxes, trimming carpets, cutting drywall, splicing cords, and handling a variety of other workshop tasks.

Utility Knife 

While nonretractable utility knives may be occasionally available, it’s advised to avoid them. Handling and storing a constantly exposed, razor-sharp knife poses unnecessary risks. Conversely, retractable utility knives with snap-off blade segments are recommended. Their thin blades dull quickly, allowing for easy removal of worn sections using pliers and safety glasses when necessary.

#7. Hammers

Every well-equipped workshop requires at least one hammer, and fortunately, there is an abundance of options available. For those not deeply immersed in serious hobbyist or professional woodworking, almost any hammer variation will suffice.

Wooden Hammers
Nail Hammer

An example is the anti-vibration hammer, featuring a concealed tuning fork in its padded handle to diminish vibrations. Another useful option is a magnetized-head hammer, making it considerably easier to initiate a nail without risking finger injury. Regardless of the innovation chosen, consider the hammer’s business end; a smooth face prevents surface marks, while a textured face offers traction when driving nails.

In addition to a claw-foot hammer for nail driving, a rubber mallet proves beneficial. Ideal for tasks like setting up a tent or working with wood and soft surfaces, it won’t leave unsightly marks.

#8. Wrench

The wrench, an essential tool for loosening or tightening nuts and bolts, comes in various types, with one particularly suitable for home workshops. The crescent wrench, introduced in 1907 by the Jamestown-based Crescent Tool Co., initially catered to early automobile owners adjusting brakes and clutches. However, it secured its place in history in 1927 when Charles Lindbergh, famous for his trans-Atlantic flight, mentioned carrying only “gasoline, sandwiches, a bottle of water, and a Crescent wrench and pliers.”

How to use Wrench

The crescent wrench stands out due to its adjustable jaws. A turn of the dial in the handle allows one side of the jaws to expand or contract, providing flexibility in size without the need for an array of wrenches, saving space and budget. Additionally, a pipe wrench proves valuable for plumbing tasks, capable of both tightening and loosening pipes.

#9. Pilers

Pliers serve as the “opposable thumbs” in a home workshop, crucial for gripping, turning, and twisting tasks. Despite various options, such as long-nose pliers for tiny wires or expandable pump pliers for gripping, the recommended choice is the common slip-joint pliers. This versatile tool excels at gripping, bending, twisting, and turning wires, as well as opening stubborn lids.

Piler Types

It features a bolt near the teeth, allowing the mouth to open wider for larger objects. However, for tasks like loosening nuts from bolts, a wrench is necessary. When selecting pliers for your home workshop, opt for those with a minimum 2.5-inch (6-centimeter) gap closed handles to prevent pinching. Regularly applying a drop or two of oil to the hinge ensures optimal performance and extends the tool’s lifespan.

#10. Crowbar

In action movies, a common sight is the bad guy wielding a crowbar, or so it seems. However, what’s often depicted as a crowbar may not be accurate. A true crowbar is a steel bar with one end featuring a flat wedge, and its opposite end may have a slight bend, concluding either in a dull point or a split wedge.

Crowbar tool
workshop tools pdf

Contrastingly, what is often portrayed on screen is a more visually dramatic tool. Resembling a crow’s foot, one end has a split beak, while the other end has a shepherd’s hook, earning it the name “wrecking bar.” Despite these distinctions, both tools, whether a crowbar or a wrecking bar, prove valuable in workshops, particularly for demolition tasks like prying loose boards or pulling nails from wood. Unless you’re a construction expert, you’ll find that crowbars and wrecking bars function similarly.

#11. Drills

A drill serves as a device for crafting circular holes or driving fasteners, equipped with either a drill bit or a driver chuck. The rising popularity of cordless, battery-powered varieties is notable, owing to their enhanced efficiency and user-friendly operation compared to manual alternatives.

Drill Machines

Drills find common applications in utility, construction, machine tool fabrication, woodworking, metalworking, and various projects. Additionally, specially crafted versions are available for miniature applications, ensuring versatility across a range of tasks.

#12. Drill Bits

A drill bit functions as a cutting tool designed for creating holes in materials, typically with a circular cross-section. These versatile tools can drill holes in a diverse array of materials and are offered in various sizes and shapes.

Drill Bits
Drill Bits Chart

When creating holes, drill bits are commonly affixed to a drill, where the drill’s motor rotates them to cut through the workpiece. The chuck securely holds the shank of the bit during the drilling process. Standard drill bit sizes are maintained to ensure compatibility with drills for efficient and precise hole-making in various applications.

#13. Ruler

A ruler, also known as a scale, is an instrument designed for measuring distance using markings referred to as “rules” along one of its edges. Typically rigid, this tool features a straightedge, allowing for the creation of straight lines.

Inch Ruler
Meter Ruler

With a history dating back to ancient times, rulers are crafted from various materials such as metal, wood, fabric, paper, and plastic. They hold significance in building design and construction, playing a critical role. Moreover, rulers are indispensable in the textile industry, offering a quick and accurate means to measure lengths.

#14. Clamps

Clamps, essential workshop tools, apply internal pressure to securely hold objects, preventing movement or separation. Various clamp forms cater to a wide array of applications, serving both temporary and permanent purposes.

What are Clamps

In certain instances, clamps are employed temporarily to position components during assembly. Alternatively, they serve permanent roles in projects spanning metalworking, construction, welding, furniture making, carpentry, and woodworking. Their versatility makes them invaluable in various settings, ensuring stability and precision in tasks where object securing is essential.’

#15. Anvil

An anvil, a fundamental tool in metalworking, is an iron block used for shaping metal, traditionally by hand with a hammer. Crafted from a sizable block of metal, commonly forged or cast steel, it features a flattened top surface for striking work.

What is Anvil

The effectiveness of an anvil lies in its inertia, with heavier anvils proving better at transferring energy from striking tools to the workpiece. Anvils, primarily utilized in forging, played a central role in metalworking before the advent of modern welding technology. Their enduring significance highlights their crucial role in shaping and crafting metalwork.

#16. Shear

Shears, also known as scissors, are hand-operated cutting tools. In the case of scissors, the sharpened edges slide against the handles (bows) opposite to the pivot as the handles are closed.

These tools find application in cutting various materials like paper, cardboard, metal foil, cloth, rope, and wire, particularly those of thinner consistency. A diverse selection of scissors and shears is available to cater to specialized purposes, offering precision and versatility in a range of cutting tasks.

#17. Sandpaper

Sandpaper, consisting of paper or cloth sheets with an affixed abrasive material, comes in various styles distinguished by differences in paper or backing, grit type, grit size, and bond.

Sandpaper Grits

Modern iterations of sandpaper often substitute traditional abrasives like sand and glass with alternatives such as silicon carbide or aluminum oxide. Available in a variety of grit sizes, sandpaper serves multiple purposes, including smoothing surfaces, removing material layers, or occasionally creating a rougher texture. Its versatility makes it a staple tool for tasks requiring precise control in refining and perfecting surfaces.

#18. Paint Brush

A paintbrush, employed for painting or inking, is typically composed by securing bristles to a handle using a ferrule. These brushes come in diverse materials, sizes, and shapes. Thinner brushes are ideal for detailed work, whereas thicker ones are suitable for broader strokes and filling in larger areas.

Paint Brush

Paint brushes can be categorized into decorators’ brushes for painting and decorating purposes, as well as artists’ brushes for creating artistic works. The varied options in materials and designs cater to the specific needs of both practical and artistic applications.

#19. Nail

A nail, a diminutive metal tool widely employed in construction and woodworking, serves as a fastener, hanger, or even a decorative element. While most nails feature a flattened head and a sharp point on one end, headless variations are also available.

Nail Types

Nails, designed for specialized uses, exhibit a diverse array of shapes and sizes, with the wire nail being the most common. Alongside nails, other options such as pins, tacks, brads, spikes, and studs are also utilized. The driving of nails into a workpiece is typically accomplished using either a hammer or a nail gun.

#20. Awl

An awl, the most basic hole maker akin to a needle, doesn’t remove material but pushes it aside. It also serves in sewing thick materials like leather or canvas.

Awl Tool
Workshop tools

Comprising a short, thin metal shaft tapering to a sharp point—either straight or slightly bent—it may feature replaceable needles.

#21. Screw

A screw, a type of fastener typically crafted from metal, features a helical ridge known as a male thread (external thread). Bolts and screws fasten materials by engaging a screw thread with an identical female thread (internal thread) in a complementary part.

Screw PDF

Screws often possess self-threading capabilities, penetrating the material as they are turned. This action pulls materials together, preventing pull-out. Screws find applications in fastening various materials, including plastic, sheet metal, and wood.

#22. Chainsaw

A chainsaw, powered by gasoline, electricity, or batteries, employs a set of teeth attached to a rotating chain that moves along a guide bar to make cuts.

Chainsaw Types

This tool finds application in various tasks such as tree felling, limbing, bucking, pruning, cutting firebreaks for controlling wildland fires and gathering firewood. In construction, specialized chainsaws are utilized for cutting concrete.

#23. Hacksaw

A hacksaw, specifically crafted for cutting metal, features a fine-toothed blade. In contrast, for cutting wood, a comparable tool is the bow saw. Most hacksaws are hand saws with a C-shaped frame that sustains tension on the blade.

hacksaw types

Equipped with a handle, often in a pistol grip style, and pins for securing a thin disposable blade, these hacksaws allow for adjustments to support blades of various sizes. The thin blade is tensioned using a screw to ensure precision in metal cutting tasks.

#24. Mallet

A mallet, often crafted from rubber or occasionally wood, is utilized to apply force to an object. It features a generally large head and is smaller than both a maul and a beetle.

Rubber Mallet

Mallets find application in diverse general purposes and across various industries, including textile work. Woodworkers favor chisels with plastic, metal, or wood handles, as mallets provide a softer strike with a positive drive.

#25. File

To remove small particles of material from a workpiece, individuals often use a file, especially in metalworking and woodworking tasks.

File Tool
Wood Filing tool

These hand tools are typically crafted from case-hardened steel bars, featuring sharp teeth arranged generally in parallel on one or more surfaces. One end often comes with a narrow, pointed tang that can accommodate a handle.

#26. Chisel

A chisel, characterized by its shaped cutting edge or blade, serves the purpose of cutting and carving hard materials by hand, with mechanical power or using a mallet. Various chisel types come with handles and blades made of metal or wood, featuring sharp edges.

Chisel Types

Chiseling involves guiding the blade into a material to effect a cut, and this can be achieved manually, with a mallet, or by using a hammer.

#27. Extension Cord

When the main cable falls short, an extension cord bridges the gap between the electrical cord and the outlet. Extension cords come in various lengths and feature different forms of outlet plugs, ranging from two to over one hundred feet.

Extension Chord
Extension Board

#28. Glue

Glue, a non-metallic substance, unites two items and withstands their separation, offering advantages over other binding methods like sewing, mechanical fastenings, or welding.

These benefits encompass the capacity to join various materials, superior stress distribution across a joint, the cost-effectiveness of an easily automated process, and heightened design flexibility. However, adhesive use presents challenges, including decreased stability at high temperatures, reduced effectiveness in bonding large objects, and potential difficulty in separating items.

All in One Glue
Wood Glue

#29. Toolbox

Known as a toolkit, tool chest, or workbox, a toolbox serves as a container for storing, transporting, and safeguarding the owner’s tools. These containers are indispensable in workshops, finding applications in DIY projects as well as commercial settings, with the contents varying based on the specific craft.

Workshop Toolbox

#30. Brace

A brace is commonly employed with drill bits or augers for drilling holes in wood. The handle is rotated while applying pressure to the top. Various types of bits are utilized, and Ridgeway- and Irwin-pattern bits incorporate a snail—a tapered threaded screw that propels the bit forward—during operation.

Brace tool
Hand Drill
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